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{]hmNIXznse {]mYayw

 

{]mcw`sas\   kmÀh{XnIt\w Icmdns s]mcpÄ

 

BZnakrjvSn \_n(kz)XfpsS {]ImiamsWXv "{]Imihpw {]mYayhpw' F teJ\n \nv am\y kÀiIÀ a\Ênem¡n AhnSpv {]hmNImcpsS t\Xm

sh \nebn DXamb ]Zhn¡ÀlcmWv. AhcpsS `uXnIamb \ntbmKn \v aps Xs \_n(kz)¡v {]hmNIXz]Zhn \ÂIsnpv. AXn\m Xs {] hmNIXz ]Zhnbnte¡pÅ BtcmlWns {]mYays Ipdnv AÂw NÀ sN¿pIbmWnhnsS.

CÀ_mfv_v\pkmcnb(d)hn \np \nthZ\w : \_n(kz) XÄ ]dªp: ""Rm A Ãmlphn Ay{]hmNI\mWv''. BZw \_n(A) an \neo\ambncn¡ptmÄ Xs (AlvaZv). abvkd(d)hn \np \nthZ\w. Atlw ]dªp: "AÃmlphns ZqXtc, FtmgmWv Av {]hmNI\mbXv' Fp Rm \_n(kz) XtfmSv tNm Znp AtmÄ AhnSpp ]dªp: "BZw(A) icocnsbpw icocnbpsSbpw CSbnembncn¡ptmÄ'(krjvSn¡sSpXn\p apv FÀYw) (AlvaZv).

asämcp \nthZ\n abvkd(d) ]dbpXns\bmWv: Fs {]kvXpX tNmZyn \v adp]Snbmbn \_n(kz) ]dªp: ""AÃmlp `qansb krjvSnp. BImisf G gmbn krjvSnp {IaoIcnp. AÀipw krjvSnp. AXns ImepIfn aplZpÀdkq epÃmln JmXnap_n¿o (aplZv \_n(kz) XÄ AÃmlphns ZqXcpw Ay {]hmNIcpamIpp) Fv FgpXpIbpmbn. AÃmlp kzÀKs krjvSnp. BZw(A), lÆ(d) Fnhsc kzÀKn Xmaknnp. Fs \maw kzÀK IhmSfnepw CeIfnepw(kzÀKob) tKm]pcfnepw IqSmcfnepw FgpXn shnpmbncpp. AtmÄ BZw(A) Bßmhn\pw icncn\panSbnembncpp. ]noSv BZw \_n(A)ans\ krjvSnv Poh \ÂInbtmÄ Atlw AÀinte¡p t\m¡n. AÀin Fs \maw FgpXn hXv Atlw ImWpIbpmbn(ss_lJn).

\_n(kz) XfpsS {]hmNIXzw BZw \_n(A)s\ krjvSn¡pXn\p appXs hnfw_csSpnbnpmbncpp Fv Cu lZokn \np hyamWv. lZokv \n cq]WtaJebn Bt]mÀlamwhn[w ZpÀºeoIcWhpw \nÀnXnbmtcm]Whpw \SmdpÅ A_p ^dPv C_v\p Pukn Xs IrXnbmb "AÂh^m _n Alv hmen apkzvXz^m' Bcw`n¡pXv Xs Cu lZokv Dcnp sImmWv.

Camw Xz_vdm\n(d)bpw A_q\psFapw(d)\nthZ\w sNbvX lZokv Camw kpbqXzn(d) Dcn¡pp: {KmaoW\mb HcmÄ. ""AbpsS {]hmNIXzns XpS¡sambncpp''Fp \_n(kz)tbmSmcmªp. AtmÄ AhnSpp ]dªp. ""FÃm {]hmNam cn \npw IcmÀ kzoIcn {]Imcw Fn \npw IcmÀ kzoIcn¡pIbmbncpp''(AÂJkzmCkzv:1/8).

Camw kpbpXzn(d)Xs X^vkodn FgpXpp: {]hmNIamcn \nv IcmÀ kzoIcn {]Imcw Fn \npw AÃmlp IcmÀ kzoIcnp Fp ]dªp sImp \_n(kz) kqdp Alvkm_nse Ggmw kqw ]mcmbWw sNbvXp: {]hmNIamcn Abn \npw \qlv, C{_mlow, aqkm, Cukm Fnhcn \npw \mw IcmÀ kzoIcn kÀ`w kvacWobamWv. Ahcn \npw \mw ITn\amb IcmÀ hmpIbpmbn (Bibw, A Alvkm_v:7) (X^vkoÀ ApÀdp akqÀ:5/352).

C_v\pAºmkv(d) ]dbpp: ""AbpsS IcmÀ FtmgmWv kzoIcn¡sXv'' Fp \_n(kz) XtfmSv At\zjntmÄ AhnSpp ]dªp: ""(BZw(A) Bßmhn\pw icocn\pw CSbnembncn¡ptmÄ''(X^vkoÀ ApÀdp akqÀ 5/352).

Camw XpÀapZn, Camw AlvaZv, Camw lmInw(d) XpSnbhÀ XfpsS IrXnIfnepw C_v\pIkoÀ(d) X^vkodnepw AÂ _nZmbphnlmbbnepw C_v\p kAZv(d) Xz_Jmnepw CXv Dcnnpv.

 

{]mcw`sas\?

A_q Dama(d) \_n(kz) XtfmSv, {]mcw`s¡pdnv At\zjntmÄ AhnSpv ""C{_mlow(A)s {]mÀY\bpw Cukm \_n(A)s kphmÀbpw Fs D I {]Imihpw'' Fp adp]Sn ]dªXv Camw AlvaZv(d) Dcnnpv. Cu lZokpw D ]cnkpNnX lZokpw Xn Bib sshcpyansÃp IqSn C_v\p IkoÀ(d) hnhcn npv.

""CXns(A_q Dama(d)hns lZokns) Bibw, P\Ä¡nSbn \_n(kz) X Ä¡p IqSpX {]Nmchpw {]knnbpw e`nXv C{_mlow(A) s {]mÀY\tbmsSbmsWmWv. ImcWw AtlamWtÃm Ad_nIfpsS ]nXmhv. Cukm\_n(A)s kphmÀ {]tXyIw ]cmaÀinXv Atlw _\q CkvdmCuense Ahkm\s {]hmNI\mWv F \ne¡mWv. C{_mlow(A)sbpw Cukm(A)sbpw CS¡v [m cmfw {]hmNIamÀ Ignªpt]mbnpv. AhÀ \_n(kz) Xsf¡pdnv ktmj hmÀbdnnpapv FXv CXn\v sXfnhmWv''(AÂ_nZmbXp hnlmb:2/393).

\_n(kz) XfpsS \ntbmKn\p appmbncp hensbmcp P\hn`mKambncpphsÃm _\q C{kmCuÂ. Ahcn [mcmfw {]hmNIamÀ \ntbmKnXcmbnpv. Fm \_n(kz) XfpsS sXmpapp hhcpw Ahcnse Ahkm\s {]hmNI\pw F \nebn P\Ä¡v IqSpXednbmhp {]hmNI\mWv Cukm \_n(A). am{Xhpaà Cukm \_n(A)s t]cnepÅ {InkvXpaXns hgnbn PohnncphÀ A¡mev lnPmkn XsbpmbncppXm\pw. B \ne¡mWv Cukm \_n(A)s kphmÀ {]mapJytmsS FSpp ]dªnpÅXv. Cukm(A)s {]hmNIXz ImeLn Atlns {][m\ ZuXyambncpp \_n(kz) Xsf¡pdnpÅ kphmÀbdnbn¡Â. \_n(kz) XfpsS BKa\s¡pdnp asämcp {]hmNIcpw kphmÀ \ÂInbnnà Fv  CXn\ÀYanÃ. AXp t]mse XsbmWv \_n(kz) XÄ XpS¡s¡pdnv \ÂInb Cu hnhcWns AÀYhpw. BZyapmb XpS¡stbm AdnbnpIsftbm {]hN\sftbm \njv{]`am¡eÃ.

C{_mlow(A)s {]mÀY\ {]tXyIambn ]dªXnepw kaIme{]kambnpÅ Nne BibÄ \ap¡v {Kln¡m\mhppv. \_n(kz) XÄ \ntbmKnXcmb B ZyLnse {]Xy kaqlw Ad_nIfmWv. AXn\m Xs Ahcpambn _ÔsXpw Ahcn ]eÀ¡pw ]cnNnXhpw BZcWobhpamb hyIvXnXzw F \ne¡v  C{_mlow(A)s {]mÀY\ DbÀn¡mn. C{_mlow(A) t\cs \nÄ¡mbn \mYt\mSv {]mÀYnXns km[qIcWhpw ^ehpamWv Xms\pIqSn Ahsc t_m[ysSppIbmbncn¡mw CXns eyw.

C{_mlow(A)s {]mÀY\tbmSpIqSnbmWv a\pjyÀ¡nSbn \_n(kz) Xsf¡p dnp  hym]Iamb AdnhpmhpXv. C{_mlow(A)s ]p{X\mb bAvJq_v \_n(A)amWv _\q C{kmCuens ]nXmhv. _\qC{kmCuense {]hmNIamcmWv aqkm\_n(A), ZmhqZv \_n(A), Cukm\_n(A) FnhÀ. AhÀ¡p \ÂInb thZfn  \_n(kz)sb¡pdnp \mbn hnhcnnpv. Cv AdnbsSp ss__nfpIfneS¡w AXp ImWmhpXmWv. Cu hnhcns ASnØm\nemWtÃm hyXykvX aXhnizmknIfmb BfpIÄ \_n(kz) XfpsS \ntbmKs {]XonncpXv.

Npcp¡n F\n¡v apv Ignªv t]mb "]pWy{]hmNIamcnse Ahkm\s bmfpw \nfpsS ]qÀÆ]nXmhpw  Fs \ntbmKs¡pdnp {]Xobpw B{Kl hpw XmÂ]cyhpw hnhchpapÅhcmbncpp Fpw. AXnssbÃmw kmmXv¡mcamWv Fs \ntbmKneqsS km[nncn¡pXv' Fpw \_n(kz) XÄ hyam¡pIbmWv; AXÃmsX C{_mlow(A)s {]mÀY\¡p appw Cukm(A)s kqhmÀ¡p appw Rm\nà FÃ.

C_v\pIkoÀ(d) XpSÀv FgpXpp: ""Fm \_n(kz) Xsf¡pdnpÅ hnhcw aäp temIfn BZw(A)s krãnn\p app Xs {]knambncpp. Camw A lvaZv(d) Dcn¡pp: ""CÀ_mfv_v\p kmcnb(d)hn \np \nthZ\w. ""\_n(kz) X Ä  ]dªp: \nÝbw, Rm AÃmlphns Zmk\mWv, Ay{]hmNI\mWv. BZw (A) AtmÄ an \neo\ambncpp. Rms\s {]mcw`s¡pdnv \nÄ¡p ]noSv hnhcnpXcpXmWv''(AÂ_nZmbXp hnlmb: 2/393).

""\_n(kz) XtfmSv HcmÄ hv "AÃmlphns ZqXtc, FtmgmWv Av \_nbmbXv' Fp tNmZntmÄ P\sfÃmw(AtltmSv) kwkmcn¡mXncn¡m ]dªp. AtmÄ \_n(kz) XÄ ]dªp:""Ahs\ hnt¡q(A\phZn¡q) BZw(A) Bßmhnsbpw icocnsbpw CSbnembncns¡ Rm \_nbmbncpp''(Xz_ JmXv: 1/118).

asämcn¡Â CtX tNmZyn\pcambn \_n(kz) XÄ ]dªp: ""BZw(A) icocnpw Bßmhn\pw CSbnembncns¡ Fn \np IcmÀ kzoIcntmÄ(BWv Rm {]hmNI\mbXv)''(Xz_JmXv:1/118).

{]hmNIamcn \np IcmÀ kzoIcnXv AhÀ krjvSn¡sXn\p tijamWv. \_n(kz) Xfn \np IcmÀ kzoIcnXpw AhnSps krjvSnXn\p tijw XsbmWv. AtmÄ BZr {]hmNI\pw a\pjy\pamb BZw(A)\p apv \_n(kz) X Ä krjvSn¡sSpIbpw IcmÀ kzoIcn¡pIbpw sNbvXnpv.

C_v\p DaÀ(d)hn \np \nthZ\w: \_n(kz) ]dªp: "BImimtcmlW kÀ`nÂ'  "aplZpÀdkpepÃmln' FsgpXn sh¡sSm Hcp BImineqsSbpw Rm kcn¡pIbpmbnnÃ''(_ÊmÀ).

Pm_nÀ(d)hn \np \nthZ\w:""kzÀKns hmXnen "emCeml CÃÃmlp aplZpÀdkpepÃmln' Fv FgpXnhnpv''(C_v\p AkmInÀ).

C_v\p Aºmkv(d)hn \np \nthZ\w. ""\_n(kz) ]dªp: kzÀKnse hrfpsS CeIfnsemnepw "emCeml CÃÃmlp aplZpÀdkqepÃmln' FsgpXn sh¡mXmbn CÃXs''(A_p\psFw: JkzmCkzv:1/13).

CsXÃmw \_n(kz) XfpsS alXzhpw  BXynI ]qÀWXbpw {]ISam¡pXmWv.  a\Ênem¡nbhscms¡ AXpÄs¡mÅpIbpw sNbvXnpv. alm\mb BZw(A)amWtÃm BZra\pjy. Atlw knKv[Ln \_n(kz) Xsf XhÊpem¡n {]mÀY\ \Snbnpv.

Camw lmInw(d), ss_lJn, Xz_vdm\n(d) XpSnbhÀ DaÀ(d)hn \nv \nthZ\w sNbvX lZokn CXv hyam¡ppv.

""BZw(A) \_n(kz) Xsf XhÊpem¡n {]mÀY\ \SnbtmÄ AÃmlp tNmZnp: "BZw Fs\bmWp \o aplZns\ AdnªXv? Rm aplZns\ icoccq]n krjvSnnnÃtÃm'? AtmÄ BZw(A)  ]dªp:

""\mYm, \o Fs krjvSn¡pIbpw Fn Bßmhv \nt]n¡pIbpw sNbvXtm Ä Rm XebpbÀnt\m¡n. AtmÄ AÀins XqWpIfn "emCeml CÃÃmlp aplZp dkqepÃmln' FsgpXnhXmbn ImWm Ignªp. \ns \mans\m w, \n\t¡äw Cãs krãnsbbÃmsX tNÀsgpXpIbnsÃp Rm a\Ênem ¡n''.

AtmÄ AÃmlp ]dªp: ""BZw, \o kXyw ]dªp. \nÝbw, aplZv krjvSnIfn  F\nt¡ähpw {]nbc\mWv. aplZv CÃmbncpsn \ns Rm krjvSn¡nÃmbncpp'' (JkzmCkzv:1/12).CXpw \_n(kz) XfpsS ZuXyns {]mYayamWv kqNnn¡pXv.

 

kmÀh{XnI t\w

\_n(kz) XfpsS ZuXyhpw t\XrXzhpw  KpWfpw t\fpw ØeImehn`mK ]cnanXaÃ. FÃmhÀ¡pw FÃmän\pw \_n(kz) XfpsS alZznemkfpsS KpW^eÄ e`yamhWw. \_n(kz) XfpsS krãn{]mYayhpw {]Ya{]hmNIXzhpw A \nhmcyamsWv CXv XmÂ]cysSppv. Rm BZw kXnIfpsS(a\pjycpsS) BIam\w t\XmhmWv' Fv AhnSpv hyam¡nbXmWv.

A_qlpssdd(d)hn \np \nthZ\w: \_n(kz) XÄ ]dªp: ""Rm BZw kXnIfpsS t\XmhmWv; Rm Al ]dbpIbÃ''(apkvenw)z

t\Xr]camb KpW^ehnXcWn\pw ]cnNcW kao]\Ä¡pw tbmKy\mbncn¡Ww t\Xmhv. A\pbmbnIfpsS IqsS \npsImmWXv IqSpXepw km[yamhpXv.AXn\m Xs t\Xmhv A\pbmbnIÄ¡v ]cnNnX\mbncn¡Ww. Atmtg AhÀ ¡v B t\Xmhns\ {]m]n¡m\mhpIbpÅp. {]IrXn \nbaÄ adnISpw AÃmsX

bpapÅ kmnyw Cu Akm[mcW t\XyXzn\v A\nhmcyamWv. \_n(kz) XfpsS {]Ya{]hmNI ]Zhnbpw FÃmhcpsSbpw t\Xmsh ]Zhnbpw krãn{]mYayhpw A\nhmcyamb Cu khntijXIÄ¡\pkrXamWv.

hyXncnhpw hninjvShpamb Bßob ]ZhntbmsSmw a\pjy[Às kzoIcn¡pI FXpw {]hmNIXzns A\nhmcyLSIamWv. B \ne¡v a\pjy[Àn s(Icfns) GsäSp¡Â NSnepw \_n(kz)Xfmbncpp HmasXp ImWmw.

k¿nZv aplZp _mJnÀ(d)hnt\mSv klvep_v\p kzmenlv  tNmZnp:""aplZv\_n(kz) XÄ Ahkm\ambn \ntbmKnXcmbhcmsWncns¡ Fs\bmWv AhnSpv FÃm {]hmNIsc¡mfpw apnemhpXv?'' Atlw ]dªp: ""\nÝbw, AÃmlp B Zw kXnIfn \np  IcmÀ kzoIcn¡pIbpw Ahscs AhÀ¡p ta km nIfm¡pIbpw sNbvXpsImv tNmZnp: Rm \nfpsS \mY\Ãtbm? Cu tNm Zyn\v BZyw ""AtX'' Fpcw ]dªXv \_n(kz) Xfmbncpp.  \_n(kz) XÄ Ahkm\amWv \ntbmKn¡sSpsXnepw C¡mcynepw {]hmNI amcpsS apnembnoÀp''(AÂJkzmCkzv1/7).

 

Icmdns s]mcpÄ

{]YakrjvSn F \ne¡p \_n(kz) XÄ {IaoIcn¡s PohnXhpw ]Zhnbpw knnhcmbncpp. AhnSps {]IrXn Xs CXp {]ISamWv. AhnSps t\Xr ]ZhnbpsS ]cnc kw_ÔambpÅ AÃmlphns Nne \nÀtÄ CXp hy am¡ppv. {]hmNIamcn \np kzoIcnnpÅ Hcp IcmÀ Cu t\Xr]Zhn sb t_m[ysSppXpw AwKoIcnn¡pXpamWv. hnip JpÀB CXp hyam¡nbnpv:

""{]hmNIamcn \nv AÃmlp IcmÀ kzoIcn kÀ`w kvacWobamWv. "Rm \nÄ¡p thZhpw Úm\hpw \ÂIn. tijw \nfpsS ASp¡epÅXns\ hmkvXhoIcn¡p ZqX  hm \nÄ \nÝbambpw B ZqX\n hnizkn¡pIbpw k lmbn¡pIbpw sNt¿XmWv Fp ]dª tijw AÃmlp tNmZnp: "\nÄ Aw KoIcnpthm? FtmSv Cu _m[yX GsäSppthm?' AhctmÄ ]dªp: ""AtX RÄ kXnncn¡pp''. hopw AÃmlp ]dªp: ""\nÄ kmnIfmhpI; Rm\pw \ntfmsSmw kmnIfnÂsh\mWv''(Bibw; BepCwdm: 81).

Cu kqns hymJym\n  C_v\pAºmkv(d), Aen(d) XpSnbhÀ hnhcn¡pp: ""ap {]hmNImtcmSv AhcpsS Imev aplZv  \_n(kz) XÄ \ntbmKnX\mbm \_nbn hnizkn¡pIbpw klmbn¡pIbpw sN¿Wsav IcmÀ sN ¿msXbpw AhcpsS A\pbmbnIfn \np IcmÀ kzoIcn¡m \nÀtin¡msXbpw Hcp {]hmNIs\bpw AÃmlp \ntbmKnnnÃ'' (X^vkoÀ C_v\pIkoÀ: 1/493).

Cu IcmÀ tIhew Hcp ASntÂn¡embncpnÃ. ]Ýmehpw ImcyImcWfpw hnhcn tijw AsXmc\nhmcyXbmsWp t_m[ysSpnb tijambncpp IcmÀ kzoIcnncpXv. AXn\m Xs FÃm {]hmNIamÀ¡pw \_n(kz)bpsS \ntbmKw, ImeLw, ]emb\ Øew,  {]hmNIXz ZrjvSmÄ, hntijWÄ XpSn AdntbsXÃmw IrXyambpw hyambpw Adnbmambncpp. AXhÀ kaIme kaqln\p ]IcpIbpw sNbvXncpp. Cu Adnhns ASnØm\n DSs\ \ntbmKnX\mhp  Hcp {]hmNIs\ \nebn AhÀ \_n(kz) Xsf Imncn¡pIbpmbn FXn\p Ncn{Xw kmnbmWv.

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