muslim

 

 

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atäXp cwKhpw t

\_n(kz)XfpsS amXm]nXm¡fpsS ]ctemI tamw

 

alm\mb dkqÂ(kz) XfpsS amXm]nXm¡fpsS ]ctemI tams¡pdnv Cv NÀ thnhncn¡pp. hnizmknIsf kw_ÔnnStmfw Hcp A\nhmcy NÀbmbncpnà CXv .]t,  C¡mcyn A\mhiyamb CSs]SepIÄ \Sn hnhmZapm¡phcpsXn\m AhcpsS \ne]mSnse hnhct¡Sv A\mhcWw sN t¿Xmbn hnpv ImcWw. CkvemanImZÀins  A{]amZnXzn kwibw P\nn¡m\o hnhmZw ImcWambnpv.

GXp hnjbnepw kwibw P\nn¡ms\fpamWv.  AXp ZqcoIcnv kXyw a\Ênem¡ns¡mSp¡pI BbmkIchpamWv. Ckvemans t]cn \nehnepÅ hyXnbm\, \ncmk Nn¡mscÃmw Xs Cu ASnØm\ B\pIqeyns kuIcyw D]tbmKsSpphcmWv. AÚcpsS apn tIhe _pn(?) AhXcnnp taa \Sn¡pIbmWhÀ. XfpsS AÚXbpsS Bgw AdnbmhÀ ]pXnb kwibns hm¡fmbn NabpXn A`nam\w sImÅpIbpw sN¿pp.

\_n(kz) XfpsS amXm]nXm¡sf Ipdnpw AhcpsS hwi ]ccsb Ipdnpw A\mhiyamb NÀ \SphÀ HcpXcw {]hmNI\nbmWv \SpXv. almcYamcmb ]WvVnXkqcnIÄ AXns Kuchw t_m[ysSpnbXmWv.{]amWfp sS ASnØm\n Xs Ckvemans BZÀimNmcm\pjvTm\fpsS {]mtbmKnI ]mccyw ]Icm\pw \pIcm\pw {ianhcmWv ]qÀÆnIÀ. Ahcn \np kzoIcn Ckvemans {]mtbmKnI hgnbmWv apkvenwIÄ¡v IcWobw. Cu ]mccy]mXbn \np hyXnNenhcmWv inYneoIcW Nn¡mscÃmw. \nehnepÅ ]p {]Øm\fnepÅhscÃmw ]ccmKX apkvenw kaqlnse amXm]nXm¡fpsS a¡fmWv. AhÀ ]nghcmbncpp Fpw XÄ lnZmbnemsbpw tZymXnn¡p hn[ap Å ChcpsS aXw amän\v \_n(kz)tbmSv kam\X AhImisSp hnNn{X ImgvNbmWnp ImWpXv.

 

XfpsS amXm]nXm¡Ä kXynembncpnà FXv XÄ¡p bmsXmcp \yq\X bpw hcppnà FmWnhcpsS NnmKXn. \_n(kz)XfpsS amXm]nXm¡fpw hyXykvX AhØbnembncpnÃsÃm F \ymboIcWamWhÀ \SpXv.

hnizmknsb kw_ÔnnStmfw kzw hnizmkns kbpambn t\cnp _ ÔanÃm Ccsamcp hnjbn  Fn\mWv CSs]SpXv?. AXp hÀÖn¡pI btà thXv?.Fv kzbw BtemNnt¡XmWv Ccw {]NmcWw hgn Ckveman t\m kaqlnt\m Fsnepw KpWtam t\tam e`nXmbn FSppImWn¡m\mhnÃ. tZmj^eÄ [mcmfappXm\pw.

 

IpÕnXamb Ccw NÀIÄ {InkvXpaX {]NmcIÀ D]tbmKsSppp FXmWv Hmams tZmj^ew. hnipJpÀB\n alm\mb Cukm\_n(A)s\bpw amXmhns\bpw IpSpw_sbpw {KÙsbpw hmgvns¡mpÅ kqfpv.  aplZv \_n(kz)sb¡mÄ DX\mWv tbip Fp Øm]n¡m  {InkvXpaX {]NmcIÀ Cu kqÄ Dcn¡mdpv. "tbip{InkvXphpw amXmhpw amXmalnbpw hmgv shcmsWv JpÀB ]dbpp. Fm aplZv \_n(kz)bpsS amXm]nXm¡Ä AhnizmknIfpw \cImhIminIfpamsWp apkvenwIÄ Xs ]dbpp. CXp cpw tNÀp hmbnp t\m¡pI'Fp Nne {InkvXp aX{]NmcIÀ A\phmNI tcmSp ]dbpp.

 

bpnhmZ]cambXmWp asämcp tZmj^ew. hnizn\mIam\w tamw \ÂIm \n tbmKnXcmbhcmWv {]hmNIÀ. Fnpw XfpsS amXm]nXm¡fpsS tamN\n\p t]mepw km[n¡mhcmtWm {]hmNI? Hcp hntamNIs\ \ntbmKn¡ptmÄ kw iphpw ]hn{Xhpamb IpSpw_ ]mccyhpw hynXzhpw Ddphcpm Ai\mtWm ssZhw? Fn ssZhns kÀÆin ssNX\ysahnsS?. Cs\ Hcp hncp {]NmcWn\v \mw Ahkcapm¡Wtam Fpw BtemNn¡pI.

{]kvXpX kwibÄ¡pw {]NmcWn\pw \ap¡p \ymbhpw adp]Snbpw Dmhmw. ]t; BßmÀYamb kXymt\zjWw \SphÀ¡v am{XamWXp]ImcsSpXv. AÃmhÀ adptNmZyw cq]sSppIbpw \ymbfhXcnn¡pIbpamWv sN¿pI.  AÚcmb ktlmZcÄ¡nSbn Ccw {]NmcWÄ D]tbmKsSpn aXw amän\pw \ncmkn\pw \ntj[n\pw hyXnbm\n\psams¡ Ahkcw tXSp hcpv FXv `bm\IamWv.

 

Ncn{X]camb hniIe\fnepw BZÀi]camb NÀIfnepw ]qÀÆkqcnIfmb ] WvVnXalp¡Ä C¡mcyw hyam¡nbnpv. kapZmbs¡pdnpÅ kZvhnNm cw sImmWv AhcXp sNbvXXv.  AXnse ]cmaÀiÄ kÀ`n \nSÀnsbSpv Zpcp]tbmKw sN¿pXv Ahsc \nn¡emWv. Ahsc¡qSn Cu sXämb hm Zns hm¡fm¡n AhXcnn¡pXv A]cm[amWv.

 

tamw FpsImv?.

A_vZpÃþBan\m(d) ZXnIÄ ]mc{XnI tamn\ÀlcmWv F \ne]mSmWv hn izmknIÄ¡p IcWobw. Ncn{Xnsbpw {]amWfpsSbpw ]npWbpffXmWnXv. AhcpsS tamw hnfw_cw sN¿p [mcmfw IrXnIÄ hncNnXambnpv. tUmIvSÀ kpsseam AÂ^dPv cNn "A h^m enÂhmenssZ' F ImhyIrXnbpsS hymJym\ns BapJn 42 {KÙfpsS ]nI tNÀnpv. Cu ]nIbn s]Sm Hcp Ukt\mfw IrXnIsfIpdnpÅ ]cmaÀiÄ thsdbpw ImWm\mbnpv. ]c At\zjWn C\nbpw [mcmfw cN\IÄ ImWm\mhpsaXmWv ØnXn.

\_n(kz) XfpsS  amXm]nXm¡Ä tammÀlcmsWp XfpsS IrXnIfnepsS Øm]nhcpw AXv NÀ sNbvXhcpw Gsdbp.v AÃmam Aen¿p le_n Èm^n Cu(d), Camw ^Jvdpo\oÀ dmkn(d), Camw JpÀXzp_n(d), A_qA_vZnÃmln A_n ¿v(d), Camw JkvXzÃm\n(d), AÃmam kpÀJm\o(d), CkvamCuep CPveq\n(d), Camw kpsslen(d), AÃmam Xzmlndp IpÀZn(d), A_q_Ivdn_v\p Ad_n(d), Camw Xzlmho(d), lm^nfv iwkpo\nnaivJn(d), aplZv lfvdanÈm^nCu(d), Jmfn k\mDà AÂDkvam\n(d), aplvbno aplZv _lmDo(d) XpSnb ]WvVnXÀ Chcn {]apJcmWv.

 

AÃmlphns Xocpam\w.

\_n(kz) XfpsS amXm]nXm¡fmhm AÃmlphmWv A_vZpà þ Ban\(d) ZXnIsf \nÝbnXv. AXv AhÀs¡mcp ]cnKW\bmWv, BZchmWv. hnizhntamNIcmb Ay{]hmNIcpsS amXm]nXm¡fmhpI F ]Zhn AXy[nIw BZcWobamWv. {] hmNIiq\y ImeLnemWhÀ PohnncpXv. Fnpw AhcpsS PohnXw ]cniphpw _lpssZh hnizmkaphpambncpp FXn\mWv Ncn{Xkmyw. AhcpsS ]cnip PohnXkmlNcyns t{]cIw Ahcn AÀnXamb ZuXyambncpp.

\à IpSpw_nse \Ãhcmb amXm]nXm¡Ä¡v P\np hfÀ cp t]cpsSbpw Zm XysIpdnv  t\cs Xs {]hN\fpmbncpp.  hnhmlw \Sp sshIm sX KÀ`[mcWapmbn. A_vZpÃ(d) XmaknbmsX ZnhwKX\mbn. \_n(kz) ]ndp hfÀp kzw Bhiy]qÀoIcWn\v ]cklmbw A\nhmcyaÃm {]mbsanbtmÄ Ban\(d)bpw bm{Xbmbn. {lkzIme ZmXyneqsS  Hcp Ipªn\p Pw \ÂIpI FXp am{Xw PohnXZuXyambn \nÀbn¡sncp ZXnIfmbncpp AhÀ. AsXmcp \ntbmKw Xsbmbncpp, {]]\mY\m \nÝnXamb Xocpam\w.

XfneqsS ]nd¡m\ncn¡p Ipªns hyn {]`mhn\pw PohnX ZuXyn\pw {]Xyambn Xs A\pcq]amb \mafmWhÀ¡Ãmlp \nÝbnXv.Ad_nIÄ ¡nSbn ]e A]c\mafpw Ap kÀÆkm[mcWamWv. Fm \psS ZXnI Ä¡v \ÂIs \maÄ A_vZpà AYhm AÃmlphns Zmk Fpw Ban\ A Yhm hnizkvX Fpambncpp. AhÀ¡o kpkXhpw iq`kqNIhpamb \maÄ ssIhXv bmZrÑnIambncpnÃ. {]]\mYs ]¡Â \npÅ tXmnn¡Â XsbmWXv. kXyhnizmkns IqSn Ipdnam\fmWXp cpw.

k¿nZv kzmenlp PAv^cn(d) Xs kodp_hn¿bn Cu \maIcWsbpw \masfbpw Ipdnns\ FgpXpp:

""{]]\mY\mb AÃmlp A_vZpÂapzen_n\v,  A_vZpà Fv aI\p \maIc Ww sN¿m DÄhnfnbneqsS tXmnnXmWv. ImcWw A_vZp apzen_ns ]p {X\mb A_vZpÃbpsS aI GI Cemlns\ C_mZv sN¿m\pw _lpssZhXzhpw _nw_mcm[\bpw \njvImk\w sN¿m\pw {]t_m[\w sNt¿h\mWv''.

""hlv_n\v, Xs ]p{Xn¡v Ban\ F \maw \ÂIpXn\pw {kjvSmhn \nv DÄ hnfnbpmbXpXsbmbncpp. ImcWw krjvSnIfpsS kamÀKn\pw kpc ¡pw \nanambnocp Hcp ]p{Xs amXmhmtIhcmWhÀ''(A h^m enhmenssZ apkvXz^m. t]Pv. 31).

{]]\mY\mb AÃmlp Ahs CjvSZmk\pw krjvSn t{ijvT\pamb aplZv (kz) XÄ¡v Pw \ÂIm\pw apebqm\pw kvt\lhmÕeyhpw ssiihIme ]cnNcWhpw \ÂIm\pw \ntbmKnhÀ \nkvXpecpw DXcpamWv.  \_n(kz) XÄ¡v apem \ÂInb leoa(d)bpw IpSpw_hpw A\p`hn `uXnIamb t\fpw KpWfpw {]knamWv. {]Xn^ew \nÝbnp \Snb Cu ]cnNcWn\pt]mepw \m Y  AhÀ¡p henb ku`mKyw \ÂInsbnÂ, kzw aIs\\nebn B]pWy]qta\nsb DZcn hln¡m\pw amtdmSWbv¡m\pw hmÕeyw sNmcnbm\pw `mKyapmb Ban\(d)bpsS alm`mKysa{XbmWv!

\_n(kz)bpw IpSpw_hpw  {]]\mY\m XncsªSp¡shcmsWv \_n(kz) Xs ]dªnpv.

""\nÝbw, AÃmlp CkvamCu kXnIfn \np In\m\nIsf XncsªSpp. In\m\nIfn \np JpssdinIsf XncsªSpp. JpssdinIfn \np _\qlminans\ XncsªSpp. _\qlminan \nv Fs XncsªSpp'' (apkvenw).

AÃmlphn\m XncsªSp¡shcneqsS h XncsªSp¡s ]p{X\mWv \_n (kz) XÄ. AXn\m Xs Xs t{ijvT\mb krjvSnsb PmX\m¡m\mbn AÃm lp XncsªSphÀ¡v e`nncn¡pXv DX]Zhn XsbmWv. AXmIs Ahcp sS ]cnipnsbbpw tamsbpw hyam¡pXpamWv.

 

C_vdmlow \_n(A)s {]mÀY\

C_vdmlow \_n(A Xs kXnIfpsS KpWn\pw ]cnipn¡pambn \Snb {]mÀY\IÄ hnipJpÀB\nepv. C_vdmlow(A)s kXnIÄ XsbmWv \_n (kz) XfpsS ]nXm¡Ä. JÀB ]dbpp:

""Fs \mYm, Cu tZis \o kpcbpÅXmt¡Wta, Fsbpw Fs km\sfbpw _nw_mcm[\  F ]mXIn \np \o AItäWta, Fv C{_mlow (A) {]mÀYn kÀ`w kvacWobas{X''(Bibw; C{_mlow:35).

""RfpsS \mYm, Rsf \o apkvenwIfmt¡Wta, RfpsS kXnIfn \np \nkvImcw \ne\nÀphsc \o Bt¡Wta, RfpsS \mYm Cu {]mÀY\ \o kzoIcnt¡Wta''(Bibw, C{_mlow.40).

""RfpsS \mYm, Fs km\fnÂs]hs\, IrjnsbmpanÃm Xmgvhmcv,\ns hnip `h\n Rm Xmaknnncn¡pp; RfpsS \mYm, AhÀ \n kvImcw \ne\nÀpXn\mbn. AXn\m a\pjylrZbsf \o Ahcnte¡v BIÀ jnn¡pIbpw AhÀ¡v FÃm ]gfpw \o \ÂIpIbpw sNt¿Wta. AhÀ \nbpÅhcmhmthn''(Bibw: C{_mlow: 37).

""RfpsS \mYm, Rsf \o apkvenwIfmt¡Wta. RfpsS kXnIfn \np \n\¡v apkvenambn¡gnbp Hcp kapZmbs \o Bt¡Wta''(Bibw, AÂ_Jd. :128).

""RfpsS \mYm, Ahcnte¡v, Ahcn \np Xs, AhÀ¡v \ns kqÄ ]mcmbWw sNbvXXp tIÄn¡pIbpw {KÙhpw Úm\hpw ]Tnn¡pIbpw Ahsc kwkvIcn¡pIbpw sN¿p Hcp ZqXs\ \o \ntbmKnt¡Wta''(Bibw: AÂ_Jd:129).

a¡sb kpcnX tZiam¡pI, km\sf _nw_mcm[\bn \np kpcnXcm¡pI, Ahsc \nkvImcw \ne\nÀphcm¡pI, apkvenaXmb Hcp kapZmbs Dm¡pI, Ahcn \nv Hcp ZqXs\ \ntbmKn¡pI, a¡bnse hnP\Xbn P\hmkapmhpI, ]ghÀKÄ e`yamhp ØnXnbpmhpI Fo ImcyÄ C{_mlow(A)s {]mÀY\IÄ DÄs¡mÅppv. Cu ImcysfÃmw Acw{]Xn km mÂIrXamhpIbpw sNbvXp.

a¡ \nÀ`bØm\ambXpw AhntS¡v ]ghÀKÄ Cd¡paXnsN¿sSpXpw hnip JpÀB hyam¡pXv Cs\bmWv:

""AhÀ¡p \mw hnip`qansb \nÀ`bØm\ambn kuIcysSpn \ÂInbntÃ. AhntS¡v FÃmhn[ ]gfpw Cd¡paXnsN¿sSppv, \psS ]¡Â \npÅ ` Wambnv'' (Bibw,AÂ_Jd : 57).

CkvamCuÂ(A)apw lmPd_ohn(d)bpw Xmakamcw`n¡ptmÄ a¡ hnP\ambncpp shp {]mÀY\mhN\w Xs ]dbpp. Fm GsdmaknbmsX a\pjyhÀKns BIÀjWtI{hpw kam[m\ `qanbpambn a¡ amdn FXmWv Ncn{Xw. alm\mb aplZv \_n(kz)XfpsS \ntbmKw, "Ahcn \npXs Hcp {]hmNI s\ \ntbmKnt¡Wta' F B{Klns ]qÀoIcWambn. hnip JpÀB ]dbpp:

""hnizmknIÄ¡v Ahcn \npXs HcpZqXs\ \ntbmKn¡pIhgn AÃmlp A\p{Klw sNbvXncn¡pp. B {]hmNI AhÀ¡v AÃmlphns kqÄ ]mcmb Ww sNbvXp sImSp¡pIbpw Ahsc kwkvIcn¡pIbpw AhÀ¡v {KÙhpw Úm \hpw Aym]\w sN¿pIbpw sN¿pp'' (Bibw : BepCwdm: 164).

C_vdmlow \_n(A)\v AÃmlp \Ãhcmb kXnIfpsS Hcp ]ccXs \ÂIpIbpmbn.  tijw \ntbmKnXcmb apgph {]hmNImcpw B kXnIfn \nmbncpp. CkvlmJv \_n(A)s ]p{X\mb bAvJq_v \_n(A)s asämcp t]cmWv CkvdmCuÂ. Atlns kXnIfmWv _\qC{kmCu FdnbsSpXv. Ahcn Bbnc¡W¡n\p {]hmNIamÀ \ntbmKnXcmbnpv. B ]ccbnse A hkm\ {]hmNI\mWv Cukm(A). \psS \_n(kz) Xsf¡pdnv CXc {]hmNImsc¡mÄ  ip`hmÀIÄ Cukm(A) \ÂInbnpv. CkvamCuÂ(A)s ]ccbn aplZv\_n(kz) XfÃmsX aäp {]hmNIamcmcpw DmbncpnÃ. CsX¡pdnv HmÀsSpn AÃmlp]dbpp:

""\matln\v (C_vdmlow(A)\v) CkvlmJns\bpw bAvJq_ns\bpw \ÂIn; Xs kXnIfn {]hmNIXzhpw {KÙhpw \nÝbnp'' (Bibw: A AI_qXv: 27).

"kXnIfn kXyhnizmknIfmb Hcp kapZmbs \o Bt¡Wta' F {]mÀY\bpsS ]peÀ Cu kpw hyam¡pp.

""AÃmlp AXns\ (kXymZÀis/BZÀihmIys) C_vdmlow(A)s kXnIfnembn Fspw tijn¡p hN\am¡nbncn¡pp'' (Bibw: AÊpJvdp^v: 28).

C_vdmlow(A)s \mpImcpsS  _nw_mcm[\m kz`mhn \nv C_vdmlow(A) HgnhmsWpw GI\mb Cemlns\ Bcm[n¡p amÀKamWtlw Ahew_nsXpw hyam¡p kpfpsS XpSÀbmbnmWo kpw DÅXv. AYhm B ]mccyns hmlIÀ Fspw tijn¡pp FmWo kpw hyam¡pXv. Camw JpÀXzp_n(d), C_v\pIkoÀ(d) XpSnbhÀ CXv hyam¡nbnpv.

""AJn_v'' F {]tbmKamWv kqnepÅXv. AXn\p a¡fpw a¡fpsS a¡fpam bn XpSÀphcp A\cKmanIÄ FmWÀYIÂ]\. AXn\m Xs  _nw_mcm[\tbmSpÅ CuÀjyXbpw GI CemlnepÅ hnizmkhpw XeapdIfnepsS C_vdm low(A)s kXnIfn AkvXan¡msX \ne\nncpp.

kp{]kn JpÀB hymJymXmhv CIvcna(d) ]dbpp: ""\mYm, RÄ cp t]sc bpw \o apkvenwIfmt¡Wta'' Fv C_vdmlow(A) {]mÀYntmÄ AÃmlp ""Rm \s\ sNbvXncn¡pp'' Fv ]dbpIbpmbn. XpSÀv ""Fs kXnIfn \n pw apkvenaXmb Hcp kapZmbs \o Dmt¡Wta'' Fp {]mÀYntmÄ A Ãmlp ""Rm\Xpw sNbvXncn¡pp'' Fp ]dªp(C_v\pIkoÀ 1/242).

_nw_mcm[\ \SmhcpsS kmnyw Xs kXnIfn F¡mepapmhWsaXmWv C_vdmlow \_n(A)bpsS  {]mÀY\bpsS XmÂ]cyw. \mY AXp km [nnnpv Xm\pw. Fncns¡ Cu hniZoIcWnsbpw JpÀB\nI kqN\Ifp sSbpw ]cn[nbn \np \_n(kz) XfpsS amXm]nXm¡Ä ]pdmsWv ]dbm Fp \ymbamWpÅXv? As\sbmcp sXfnhpanÃm ØnXn¡v AhÀ cshcpsS IqnemsWpw AXn\p]Icn¡p hn[amWhÀ PohnsXpw hyamWv.

 

\_n(kz)XfpsS Nne {]tbmKÄ

Nne lZokpIfn \_n(kz) ]nXmhnsbpw ]nXmalsbpw IqsS Xsf tNÀ p ]dªXv ImWm Ignbpw.

""Hcn¡Â Aºmkv(d) \_n(kz) XfpsS ASpt¡p  hp. Atlw Ftm tIv AkzØ\mbXp t]msebpmbncpp. CXp I dkqÂ(kz)XÄ {]kwK ]oTn Ibdn ""Rm BcmWv' Fp tNmZnp. ""Av AÃmlphns XncpZqXcmWv'' Fp kzlm_nIÄ adp]Sn ]dªp. AtmÄ \_n(kz) ]dªp: ""Rm A_vZp apzen_ns aI A_vZpÃmbpsS aI\mWv. \nÝbw, AÃmlp krjvSnIÀw \S n. krjvSnIfn Daamb hn`mKn Fs DÄsSpn. ]ns Ahsc hyXy kvX tKm{Xfm¡n. Fs Gähpw Daamb tKm{XnepÄsSpn. B tKm{X s hyXykvX IpSpw_fm¡n. Fs Ahcn Daamb IpSpw_nem¡n'' (XpÀapZn).

Cu kw`hns ]Ýmew IqSn AdnbpXv hnjbns \nPØnXnbdnbm\p]Icn¡pw. Aºmkv(d)hns\ Btcm am\knIambn hnjann¡pIbpmbn. AXv Atln\v kln¡m\mIpambncpnÃ. \_n(kz) XÄ ]nXrhys Cu hnjamhØbn IpSpw_ _Ôns t]cn  CSs]SpIbmbncpp. Rm\pw Aºmkv(d)hns IpSpw_amWv.

""P\tf, Fs ]nXrhys\ Bscnepw _pnapnm Ah FsbmWv _pnapn¡pX.v \nÝbw, HcmfpsS ]nXrktlmZc Ahs ]nXmhns\tmse XsbmWv''(XpÀapZn).

\_n(kz) DaIpSpw_w Fv {]tbmKnXn\m  IpSpw_\mYamscnepw DaamcmhmsX XcanÃ. AtmÄ Da IpSpw_w F \nebn \_n(kz)bpsS amXm]nXm¡fpsS DamhØbpw {Kln¡mhpXmWv. AÃm ]w AhÀ Daamcmbncpnà F FXnÀkmyw BhiyamWv; AXmIs CXp hsc Dbn¡snnÃXm\pw.

\_n(kz) Hcn¡Â Hcp {]kwKn Xs IpSpw_s¡pdnv ]dªXv Cs\ Dcn¡snpv:

""Rm \nkmdns aI\mb apfÀ aI CÂbmkv aI, apZvcnI aI, Jpsska aI, In\m\ aI, \fvÀ aI, amenIv aI, ^nlvÀ aI, Kmen_v aI, epA¿v aI, IAv_v aI, apÀdv aI, Inem_v aI, Jpkz¿v aI, A_vZpa\m^v aI, lminw aI, A_vZp apzen_v aI A_vZpÃmbpsS aI\mb aplZv BWv. P\Ä cmbn ]ncnbp LfnseÃmw Fs AÃmlp DaambXnemWm¡nbXv. Fs amXm]nXm¡fneqsS Rm PmX\mbn. AÚm\ ImeLnse AhnlnX imcocnI_ÔÄ bmsXmpw Fs _m[nnnÃ. Rm icnbmb hnhml IÀneqsSbpÅ ZmXynemWv P\nXv. Rm AcpXm hnhml_Ôn ]ndh\Ã. BZw(A) apX C{]Imcw Rms\s amXm]nXm¡fnsent Àp. BIbm Rm \nfn Da am\k\mWv. DaicocnbmWv. \nfn Da\mb ]nXmhpÅh\pamW'' (ss_lJn. ZemC : 1/174,175).

C_v\p IkoÀ(d) AÂ_nZmbXphnlmb hmfyw cv, t]Pv 333 Cu {]kwKw D cn tijw Cs\ ]dbpp: ""]ccbpsS ASnØm\n Cu lZokv fCu^msWv ]dbmsanepw Bib]cambn CXn\v Dt]mÂ_eIamb [mcmfw lZokpIfp v''.

\_n(kz) kzw ]nXm¡fpsS t]cn  taa ]dbpXv CXn hyamWv. AtXmsSmw t{imXm¡fmb kzlm_nIfpsSsbms¡ ]nXm¡sf¡mÄ Da\mb ]nXmhpÅh\mWv Xms\ {]tbmKw IqSpX AÀYKÀ`amWv. \_n(kz)bpsS \ F {] tbmKn\v kXyhnizmkw F ASnØm\ \ DÄs¡mÅm am{Xw hym]vXnbnsÃmtWm \mw a\Ênemt¡Xv? AtXm \_n(kz) XÄ¡v ]nXmsh \nebn ] cnNbsSpm XSÊamhmhn[w C_vdmloaokcWbn Pohnhcmbncpp AhÀ FmtWm?.

kaImeP\XbpsS ioeamb B`nPmXy{]tLmjWns `mKambn \_n(kz) XfpsS Cu ]cmaÀis \ap¡v ImWm km[yaÃ. {]XypX; \à tKm{Xn \à IpSpw_n \Ãh\mb ]nXmhn\p ]ndh\mWv Xms\p temIs Adnbn¡pIbmWhnSpv . hncp {]NmcWÄ DmhpsaXnte¡pÅ kqN\ IqSn AXneSntbm Fv BtemNn¡mhp kmlNcyhpw XÅn¡fbm\mhnÃ. AXn\m Xs Daw F hntijWn\ÀlcmbnpÅ IpSpw_nsebpw tKm{Xnsebpw AwKsfbpw ]nXmhns\bpw A\pkvacn¡pIbpw AhÀ A\pkvacW tbmKycmsWv ]Tnn¡pIbpamWv \_n(kz). AÚm\ Imev AhnizmknIfmb ]nXm¡fnte¡v tNÀn IpSpw_ amlmßyhpw aäpw ]dbpXv \_n(kz) XÄ Xs hne¡nbnpÅXpamWv. \_n(kz) ]dbpp:

""AÚm\Imev arXnbSª ]nXm¡sfs¡mv \nÄ s]cpa ]dbcpXv.AÃmlphmsW, Cu ZpÀKÔw han¡p aen\ Pew \kyw sN¿pXmWv Pmlnen¿m Ime s ]nXm¡sf {]iwkn¡pXnt\¡mÄ DaambXv''(AlvaZv, Xz_vdm\n).

""Hcph Xs ]nXm¡fn \nv AhnizmknIfmb HXp t]sc taa F \nebn Xnte¡p tNÀp ]dªm Ah AhtcmsSmw ]mas Bfmbn \cInembncn¡pw'' (AlvaZv, A_pbAve).

Cu lZokpIfpsS _mlymÀYhpw AXn\p \ÂIs hymJym\fpw ]cnKWnm epw, \_n(kz)bn \nv Cu \ntcm[nX Imcyw Dmhm ]mSnÃmXmWv. AXn\m  \_n(kz) sNbvXXv A\phZ\obamb Imcyhpw AhnSpp ]dª ]nXm¡Ä ]dbsSm\ÀlcpamWv FmWv Cu cp lZokpIfpw tNÀphmbnm a\ÊnemhpI. Ad_nIfpsS ssienb\pkcnp hfÀp]nXmhnte¡v tNÀn aIs\p ]dbmdpv. P\n¡pXn\p apv ]nXmhv acWsXn\m ]nXmal\mb A_vZp apzen_mWv \_n(kz)sb hfÀnbXv. A¡mcWm \_n(kz)sb Ad_nIfn NneÀ C_v\p A_vZn apzen_v Fpw hnfn¡mdpmbncpp.

""Hcn¡Â \_n(kz)bpw kzlm_nIfpw ]Ånbnembncns¡ Hcp {KmaoW hv, \_n (kz)sb At\zjnp. kzlm_nIftln\v \_n(kz)sb ImWnp sImSptmÄ AbmÄ  ""A_vZp apzen_ns aIt\'' Fp hnfnp. \_n(kz) AXn\p adp]Sn\ÂIpIbpw sNbvXp''(Bibw: _pJmcn, \kmCu).

Cu kwt_m[\ \_n(kz) XÄ XncppIbpmbnÃ. AhnSpp Xs As\ ]dª kÀ`hpapmbnpv. lpss\ bpthfbn Hchkcn \ncmbp[cmb kzlm_nIfn NneÀ bpapJp\np amdn\n kmlNcyapmbn. apkvenw t]mcmfnIÄ bp¡fn IpdhmsWp Ip i{Xp]w aptmmªtmÄ \_n(kz) km`nam\w, kss[cyw {]Jym]np: ""Rm {]hmNI\mWv. CXv IfhÃ. Rm A_vZp apzen_ns ]p{X\mWv'' (_pJmcn/apkvenw).

"IAv_ XIÀ¡m\mbn A_vdlpw ]cnhmcfpsanb kÀ`n ssØcy hpw ss[cyhpw ssIhnSmsX im\mbn¡gnbpIbpw bpanÃmsX hnPbw hcn¡pIbpw sNbvX A_vZp apzen_ns ]p{X\mWv Rm. ChnsS ]Xdp {]iv\anÃ. AtXmsSmw Rms\mcp {]hmNI\msWXn\m F\n¡v ]ndtImp t]mthXnÃ' FXmbncn¡mw B {]Jym]\ns s]mcpÄ.

\_n(kz) XÄ kzw ]nXm¡fn A`nam\n¡pIbpw kam[m\w sImÅpIbpw sN¿ppshn AXn\hÀ AÀlcpw tbmKycpambncn¡WatÃm. AÃm ]w {]kvXpX \ntcm[\ns ]cn[nbn \nv CXpw HgnhmIpXÃ.

 

hnip JpÀB ]cmaÀiw

hnip JpÀB 26mw A[ymbamb kqdpÈpAdmCse. 219 mw \À kqn\v JpÀB hymJymXm¡fpsS t\Xmhmb C_v\p Aºmkv(d) \ÂInb hymJym\a\pkcnv a\pjymcw`w apXepÅ, \_n(kz)bpsS amXm]nXm¡sfÃmw kÂkcWnbn kcnncphcmbncpp Fp hyamWv. {]ikvX JpÀB hymJymXm¡sf Ãmw Cu hoWw XfpsS {KÙfn Dcnnpv. C_v\p Aºmkv(d)hns Xs hymJym\ ]cmaÀiÄ t{ImUoIcn Xhodp anJv_mkv t]Pv 396 Cu kqnv \ÂInb hymJym\ans\bmWv: 

""XÄ \np \nkvIcn¡p kabpw, kpPqZv sN¿phcnepsS Av \ons¡mncn¡pXpw AÃmlp ImWppmbncpp''(Bibw: AÈpAdmAv 218, 219).

]p hmZnIÄ¡v IqSn kzoImcycmb iu¡m\nbpw C_v\pIkodpw(d) C_v\p A ºmkv(d) hns Cu X^vkoÀ Dcnnpv.

""Asb \mw GI ssZhhnizmknIfnembn, Hcp {]hmNI\n \np asämcp {]hmNI\nte¡v(Fns\) Cu kapZmbn \np cwKp sImphp'' (^Xvlp JZoÀ: 4/149).

XpSÀv Atlw FgpXpp: ""A_qAwdn\nÂAZ\o Xs apkv\Znepw _ÊmÀ, C_v\p A_olmXnw, Xz_vdm\o, C_v\paÀZsshln, A_q\psFw(d.lpw) Fnhcpw,  ""kpPqZv sN¿phcneqsS... ''F kqns hymJym\n C_v\p Aºmkv (d) Cs\ ]dªXmbn Dcnnpv. ""Hcp \_nbn \np asämcp \_nbnte¡v; As\ \nÄ \_nbmbn \ntbmKn¡sSpXp hsc'' (t\m¡pI, ^Xvlp JZoÀ: 4/152)

\_n(kz) Hcp {]hmNI\n \np asämcp {]hmNI\nte¡v F {Ian \opIbpw ]noSv \ntbmKnX\mhpIbpw sNbvXp F {]tbmKw {itbamWv. \_n (kz)bpsS ]nXm¡fn CkvamCuÂ(A)hscbpÅhcmcpw {]hmNIcmbncpnÃ. CkvamCuÂ(A)\v appÅ ]nXm¡fnepw {]hmNIcÃmhcpmbnp.v Fn B ]ccbnse {]hmNIcÃm ]nXm¡Ä t]mepw kÂkcWnbneqsS Pohn¡p hcmbncpp FmWp a\Ênem¡m\mhpXv.  \_n(kz) XfpsS lZokpIÄ A Xnp sXfnhmWv.

C_v\pAºmkv(d)hns hymJym\w DcnnpÅ X^vkoÀ Ncn{X{KÙfn NneXv Xmsg sImSp¡pp: X^vkodp_v\n IkoÀ: hmfyw 3 t]Pv 352, X^vkoÀ dmkn: hmfyw: 24 t]Pv: 149, X^vkodp JpÀXzp_n: hmfyw: 13 t]P:v 97, lminbpÊzmhn: hmfyw: 3 t]Pv: 152, X^vkodp Jmkn: hmfyw: 3 t]Pv: 334, X^vkodp amhÀZn: hmfyw: 4 t]Pv: 189, X^vkoÀ dqlp aB\n: hmfyw: 10 t]Pv: 135, X^vkoÀ dqlp _bm: hmfyw: 6 t]Pv: 313, X^vkoÀ ApÀdp akqÀ: hmfyw: 5 t]Pv: 184,X^vkoÀ kmZp akoÀ: hmfyw: 6 t]Pv: 148, X^vkoÀ ^Xvlp JZoÀ: hmfyw: 4 t]Pv: 149, X^vkodp _Kvho: hmfyw: 3 t]Pv: 344, Xz_JmXv_v\p kAvZ:v hmfyw: 1 t]P:v 22, A an\lp a¡n¿: hmfyw: 1 t]Pv: 151.

""kpPqZv sN¿phÀ FXns hymJy\w {]hmNIamÀ FmWv. Camw Xz_vdm\n(d), _ÊmÀ(d), A_p\psFw(d) AS¡apÅ Hcp kwLw C_v\p Aºmkv(d)hn  \nv DcnnpÅXmWnXv''(dqlp aB\n 10/135).

C_v\paÀZsshln(d) Dcn Hcp lZokv Cu Bbns hymJym\ NÀbn Camw kpbqYn(d) DÄsSpnbnpv.

""C_v\p Aºmkv(d) ]dbpp:  ""BZw(A) kzÀKnembncptmÄ Av FhnsSbmbncpp''  Fp Rm \_n(kz)tbmSp tNmZnp. AtmghnSpp \mbn ]pncnp sImv ]dªp: ""Rm BZw(A)s apXpInembncpp. Rm apXpInembncns¡bmWv BZw(A) kzÀKn \np ]pdp hXv. Fs ]nXmhv \qlv \_n (A)s apXpInembn Rm Ien kcnncpp. Fs ]nXmhv C_vdmlow (A)s apXpInembn Rm Xobnsednbsncpp. Fs amXm]nXm¡Ä Ahnip hnhmlnembn kÔnnnÃ. Daamb apXpIpIfn \np(]nXm¡fn \np) ]cnipamb KÀ`mibfneqsS(amXm¡fnepsS) ]cnipambpw \nÀeambpw A Ãmlp Fs \o¡ns¡mncpp. P\XIÄ Ftmsgms¡ cv imJIfmbn ]ncnbppthm Atmsgms¡ Rm Ahcnteähpw Daamb imJbnembncpp'' (X^vkodp:ApÀdp akqÀ: 5/184).

Camw dmkn(d) Cu lZokns `mKÄ \_n(kz)bpsS amXm]nXm¡fpsS ]cnipn¡p sXfnhmbn Dcnnpv.

Npcp¡n hnip JpÀB\nse Cu kpw \_n(kz)bpsS amXr ]nXr]ccbpsS ]hn{XXbpw AXphgn AhcpsS tamhpw a\Ênem¡m aXnbmb sXfnhmWv.

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