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{]tXyI ^o

\_nZn\w

atäXp cwKhpw t

^Xvdv ImeL¡mÀ

 

{]hmNI \ntbmKn¡sSmhcpw ]qÀÆ {]hmNIs \ntbmK]cn[nbn hcmhcpamb P\XIsfbmWv "^Xvdv'ImÀ Fp ]dbpXv. {]hmNI iq\yImeLw  kpZoÀLtam {lkztam Bhmw. GXmbmepw {]hmNI \ntbmKneqsS amÀKZÀi\w sN¿sSmhsc aqp hn`mKambn Xncnnpv.

Hv: kzw BtemN\bneqsS XuloZns\Ipdnv a\Ênem¡nbhÀ. Cc¡mÀ A ¡mev \nehnepÅ kÂkcWnbpsS hm¡fmbncn¡pw. ChscIpdnp \_n(kz) XÄ Xs hyamb kqN\ \ÂInbnpv. ""Hä kapZmbsa \nebn AhÀ bm{Xbm¡sSpXmWv''.({]hmNI \ntbmKapmhptmÄ AXnv FXncp \n¡m kmlNcyn AhÀ tamnÀlcmsWv Npcp¡w).

cv: \nehnepmbncp kÂkcWnsb amänadn¡pIbpw inÀ¡v sN¿pIbpw sNbv XhÀ. XfpsS COm\pkcWw hn[nhne¡pIÄ \Sm¡pI IqSn sN¿p Cu hn`m KamWv [mcmfapmbncpXv. ChÀ AÚm\Imes {]hmNI iq\yImemWp acWssXnepw inmÀlcmsWmWnkvemanI ]mTw(a\pjy {]IrXw _lpssZ h kÂ]s \ncmIcn¡pXmWv. AXn\m Xs Cu ASnØm\ `mhs IfsSpnbhcmWhÀ).

aqv: Hcp {]hmNIsbpw kcWnbn {]thinnnÃmhcpw Fm inÀ¡v sN bvXnnÃmhcpamb BfpIÄ. AhÀ kzambn Hcp amÀKw BhnjvIcnp PohnhcmWv. Cu hn`mK¡mÀ  tamnÀlcmWv; inn¡sSpIbnà (Bibw, A lmhn 2/209).

{]hmNI {]t_m[\anÃm ImeLn AYhm CkvemanI {]t_m[\sam AhØbn acWshÀ cshcmsW Imcyn hnizmk imkv{XhgnIfmb AivAco, amXpcoZo XzcoJpIfnse CamapIfpw IÀimkv{X kcWnbnse im^nCu aZvl_nse CamapIfpw GIm`n{]mb¡mcmsWv Camw kpbqYn(d) Xs lmhn hmfyw cv, t]Pv 202 hyam¡nbnpv.

AÃmlp ]dbpp: ""ZqXs\ \ntbmKn¡pXp hsc \mw Bscbpw inn¡pXÃ'' (Bibw: AÂ CkvdmAv :15).

Cu JpÀB\nI kqns ASnØm\n ^Xvdv Ime¡mÀ ]ctemItamn\ÀlcmsWv Camw AlvaZv_v\p lÂ(d), Dadp_v\pA_vZp Akokv(d) Xp Snb KthjW]Sp¡fpw C_v\pssXan¿ AS¡apÅhcpw ]dªnpv.  CXp kw _Ôambn C_v\pIkoÀ(d) FgpXpp:

""Cu kqw AÃmlphns \oXnbpsSbpw ZqXs\ \ntbmKnp eyw Øm]nXn\p tijta in \Sm¡pIbpÅq FXnsbpw hnfw_camWv. kqdp apÂInse 8,9 kpfpw kqdpÊpadnse 37mw kqhpw kqdp ^mXzndnse 37mw kq hpw aäp ]e kqfpw, ZqXamsc \ntbmKnXn\ptijaÃmsX AÃmlp B scbpw \cIn {]thinn¡pXà F Bibw hyam¡pp''(X^vkoÀ C_v\p IkoÀ 3/42).

JXmZ(d)bn \np \nthZ\w: ""\nÝbw, AÃmlphn  \npÅ Adnbnv e`nnn ÃmtXm Ahs ZrjvSmsfmtXm Bb AhØbn Bscbpw inn¡pXÃ. Bscbpw Xs sXäv ImcWambnÃmsX inn¡pXÃ''(X^vkoÀ Xz_cn: 8/50).

{]hmNI \ntbmKtam kXyaX{]t_m[\tam FnbnnÃm P\Ä {]kvXpX aq n GsXnepw Hcp hn`mKn s]SpXmWv. AXns ASnØm\nemWv c bpw inbpw IW¡m¡m \ap¡mhpXv. Cu Bibn\v hnip JpÀB\n se [mcmfw kqÄ sXfnhmWv. \_n(kz) XfpsS amXm]nXm¡fpw Cu s]mXpXXzns ]cn[nbn XsbmWv hcnI. AXn\m AhÀ tamn\ÀlcmsWp a\Ênem¡pIbmWv hnizmkn¡v bpambnpÅXv.

\_n(kz) XfpsS ASp ]nXmalamcpsSbpw amXm¡fpsSbpw ImeLw AY hm JpssdinIfpsS ImeLw {]hmNI iq\yImeLw Xsbmbncpp FXn\p JpÀB Xs kmnbmWv. AÃmlp ]dbpp: ""At¡p apv Hcp apdnbn pImc\pw hnnÃm P\X¡v Av apdnbnp \ÂIpXn\mbn''(Bibw, AÊPZ: 3). ""AhÀ¡p ]T\n\mbn {KÙÄ \ÂInbncpnÃ. At¡p apv Ahcnte¡v Hcp apdnbnp Imcs\bpw \mw \ntbmKnncpnÃ'' (Bibw, k_Av: 44).

Cu kqns hymJym\n C_v\p IkoÀ(d) ]dbpp: ""AÃmlp Ad_nIfnte¡v JpÀB\p apv Hcp {KÙhpw AhXcnnnnÃ. aplZv \_n(kz)¡p apv Hcp {]hmNIs\bpw Ahcnte¡p \ntbmKnnpanÃ''(X^vkoÀ. C_v\p IkoÀ 3/710).

{]hmNIiq\y ImeLnse P\Ä¡pw kXyns \mZw {ihn¡m {]IrXn ]camb {]XnkÔnIfpmbncp hnIemwKÀ¡pw ]ctemIp t\cntSnhcp Hcp ]coWLs¡pdnv lZokn hnpv. Camw kpbqYn(d) AXns hyXykvX \nthZ\Ä FSpp NÀ sNbvXnpv. AXns XmÂ]cyhpw \_n(kz XfpsS amXm]nXm¡Ä¡v AhcpsS kÂ{]IrX ^eambn tamw e`n¡psap XsbmWv t\m¡pI: lmhn: 2/204þ206).

 

kÂkcWn \mamhtijambncpnÃ

AÃmlphns ]cnip aXw Bßobamb kZv^eÄ am{XapÅXÃ; adnv a\pjycpsSbpw {]]nsbpw `uXnIamb kpØnXn¡pw AXmhiyamWv. AXn\m a\pjys kmnyw kXyaXns knysbpw XmÂ]cysSpp. hnip aXns FÃm IncWhpw AWªpt]mbm ]ns a\pjysà {]] kwhn[m\n\p Xs \ne\nÂ]nÃmXmbnocpw. IqSpX Dacmb IpSpw_nepw hn `mKnepambnmWv \_n(kz)XÄ Cu temIt¡p  ISp hXv. Fn B Da KpWhntijWsamhcpsS kmnyw `qanbnsepapmbncpp Fp hy amhpp. C{_mlow(A)s {]mÀY\bpsS ^eambn  hp tNÀ hnip ldan s \nÀ`bmhØbpw ]pWy`qanbnse ^ee`yXbpw `uXnIambn Xs A\p`hndnbm IgnbpXmWv. AtXmsSmnpÅ {]mÀY\bpsS ^ewXsbmbncpp kÂkcWnbn Ncn¡p Hcp hn`mKns kmnyw. AXpw ]peÀnpÅXmWv.

Awdv_nepA¿v FbmÄ Ad_nIÄ¡nSbn inÀ¡pw A\mNmchpw {]Ncnn¡pXphsc CkvamCu kXnIsfÃmw C{_mloaokcWnbn Pohnhcmbncpp.CXp kpkXamb Ncn{XhkvXpXbmWv. Xs km\Ä _nw_mcm[\ XnckvIcn¡phcmbncn¡phm C{_mlow(A){]mÀYnnpv. kqdv C{_mloanse Cu {]mÀY\ DÄs¡mÅp kqn\v \ÂInb hymJym\n C_v\pPcoÀ(d)sb Camw kpbqYn(d)Dcn¡pp:

""C{_mlow(A)Xs kXnIfpsS Imcyn \Snb {]mÀY\ AÃmlp kzoIcn¡pIbpmbnpv. C{_mlow \_n(A)s kXnIfn Hcmfpw ]noSv _nw_mcm[\ \SnbnnÃ. a¡sb AÃmlp kpcnXØm\am¡n... hyXykvX ]ghÀKfhÀ¡p \ÂIn. C{_mlow(A)s\ Camam¡n. \nkvImcw \ne\nÀp km\sf \ÂIn kwhn[m\np''(lmhn 2/216).

AÃmlp]dbpp: ""C{_mlow(A) Xs t]mäptbmSpw P\XtbmSpw ]dª kÀ `w:""\nÄ C_mZv sN¿phbn \np Rm ap\mWv. Fs hfÀnbh\ÃmXn \nsÃmw Rm ap\mWv. \nÝbw, Ah\msWs amÀKZÀi\w sN ¿pXv. Cu alÂhN\s AÃmlp C{_mlow(A)s ]nKmanIfn imizXambn \ne\nÀnbncn¡pp'' (Bibw,AÊpJvdp^v,27,28).

C_v\pAºmkv(d)hn \np \nthZ\w:""emCeml CÃÃmlv F IenaXns\ C{_mlow(A)ans ]nKmanIfn AÃmlp \ne\nÀn. ]nKmanIsfm km\fmW''( X^vkoÀ ApÀdpÂakqÀ: 5/720).

""AÃmlp hN\sbpw {]kvYm\sbpw C{_mlow(A)s ]nKmanIfn \ne\n Àn. ]nKmanIsfXp sImptiyw a¡fpw a¡fpsSa¡fpamWv. AYhm AÃmlp AÃmhsc C_mZv sN¿pXn \npÅ Cu AI C{_mloaokXnIfneqsS ss]XrIambn ssIamdpIbpw ]ckv]cw  D]tZin¡pIbpw sNbvXp''(X^v koÀ JpÀXzp_n :16/52)

""Cu hN\sam AÃmlphn\p ]pImsc tNÀ¡msX GI\m¡n C_mZv sN ¿epw _nw_sf hÀÖn¡epamWv. AXp XsbmWv emCeml CÃÃmlv F hN\w. AYhm AXns\ C{_mlow kXnIfn AÃmlp Fspw \ne\n¡pXm¡pIbpmbn. lnZmbpÅhÀ AXn Ahsc ]npScpXmWv''(X^vkoÀ C_v\pIkoÀ 4/159).

C{_mlow kXnIfn kÂkcWnbhew_np Pohn¡phscpapmbncpp FXn\v Chb{Xbpw aXnbmb sXfnhmWv. JpÀB hymJym\{KÙfn C\nbpw [mcmfw ]cmaÀiÄ CXp kw_Ôambn  ImWm km[n¡pw, Ccw kZvhrcp sS kmn[ysapapmbncpsn \_n(kz) XfpsS amXm]nXm¡fpw ]cc bpw Acnembncpnà Fv kÂ]n¡m bmsXmcp\ymbhpanÃ.

Camw AlvaZv_v\p lÂ(d) Xs InXm_pÊplvZn Dcn Hcp lZokv ImWpI: ""\qlv\_n(A)an\p tijw `q\nhmknIÄ¡v Hcp cmIhNsa\nebn Ggpt] cnÃm Imew Ignªpt]mbnnÃ''.

JXmZ(d) kqdp _Jdbnse 38mw kqns hymJym\n Cs\ ]dªnpv :""BZw\_n(A)`qanbn h\mÄ apX `qansb AÃmlp ]nimNn\v sskzchnlmcn\p hnpsImSpnnÃ. AÃmlphns\ hWn Ah\p thn kÂIÀf\pjvTn¡phcpsS kmnyw `qanbnsemcn¡epw CÃmXncn¡nÃ''.

""A_vZpÀdkmJv(d) Xs apkz^n C_v\pPpssdPn \np \nthZ\w sN¿pp: ""Aen¿p_v\p A_oXzmen_v(d) ]dªXmbn C_v\p apk¿_v(d) ]dbpp: `qanbn  F¡mepw Gtgm AXne[nItam apkvenwIÄ Dmbnpv. AÃm ]w `qan \in¡pambncpp''(lmhn: 2/212)

 

Ban\(d)bpw A_vZpÃ(d)hpw

\_n(kz) XfpsS amXm]nXm¡fmb A_vZpÃþBan\(d) ZXnIfpsS PohnXs ¡pdnv AÂ]w NÀ sNt¿Xpv. AhcpsS PohnXn kÂkcWnbpsS kzm [o\apmbncptm CÃtbm Fdnbm\XmhiyamWv. A\h[n ZqjyÄ \ndªImepw temIpamWhÀ PohnncpXv. ]t, kaIme PoÀXIÄ Ahcn {]ISambncpnÃ. DXamb IpSpw_n hfÀ cpt]cpw am\yX¡v \nc¡m Hnepw InbmbXmbn Ncn{XanÃ.AcpXmbvaIfnÂ\nIv ]cnipcpw [Àt_m[apÅhcpambmWv AhÀ PohnncpXv. AXn\p [mcmfw kqN\IÄ Ncn{Xn Im Wmw.

A_vZpÃmbpsS apJv Xm hlnnpÅ {]Imins {]`mhw {]ISambncpp. AXns ImcWadnbphcpw A¡mepmbncpp. A¡qn s] Nne h\nXIÄ A_vZpÃtbmSv hnhmlm`yÀY\ \SpIbpmbnpv. NneÀ Hcn¡senepw IqsS ibn¡m Bhiysnpapmbncpp.

Hcp kw`hw {in¡pI ""apÀdns ]p{Xn ^mXzna ]cnipbpw  kpcnbpambncpp. ]qÀh thZ ]mcmbWn \n,v \ntbmKnX\mhm\ncn¡p {]hmNIs\¡pdnv A hÄ Adnªnpmbncpp. Hcn¡Â A_vZpà AhcpsS kao]p IqSn \Spt]mbn.A_vZpÃbpsS apJpI {]`bpsS s]mcpfdnª AhÀ  AtltmSp XtmsSmw ibn¡m Bhiysp. {]Xn^eambn 100 HIÄ \ÂImsapw ]dªp. A_vZpà AXv \ncknp sImv aqp hcn IhnX sNmÃn. AXns Bibans\'':

""\njnambXv {]hÀn¡pXnepw t`Zw  acWw hcn¡pXmWv. \ns Cu Bh iyw A\phZ\ob ImcyaÃXm\pw. A\phZ\obambncpsn Rm AXv At\zjn p a\Ênem¡pambncpp. ]nssbs\bmWv \ns B{Kln\p Rm hgpI''. Fnv A_vZpà Xs {]nbXa Ban\(d)sb kao]np. Ban\(d) AXn KÀ`w [cn¡pIbpapmbn''(Xz_JmXv hmfyw: 1,t]Pv:77).

 

Ban\m(d)bpambn A_vZpà ibnXnp tijw ItmÄ ^mXzna¡o XmÂ]cyapmbncpnà Fpw kw`hns _m¡n`mKw a\Ênem¡ncppv.

AÚm\ Imes P\Ä¡nSbn \SpÅXmbnpw AXp \njnamWv F \n ebnemWv A_vZpà {]XnIcn¡pXv. CcsamcmNmcs  kZmNmc t_m[tmsS \ncmIcn¡m A_vZpÃsb t{]cnn LSIsamtWm AXp XsbmWv Atln \ne\nncp C{_mloao anÃns t\ÀhgnbpsS kzm[o\w. C{_mloao anÃns Axk¡v hncpambsXmpw A_vZpÃbn \nv Dcn¡snnÃ.

Ban\(d)bpsS PohnXnse Nne kw`hsf¡pdn hnhcfpw  \ap¡p ]IÀp Innbnpv. AhÀ tcmKi¿bn acWmkbmbn InS¡ptmÄ AXv Xs Ay \nanjamsW Xncndnhv AhÀ¡pmbn. CXpXs alXnbpsS alXzn\p ZmlcWamWv. B kabv  a\xkmnytmsS Xs s]mtma\tbmSpw IqsSbpmbncphtcmSpw AhÀ \ÂInb D]tZihpw \nÀtihpw AÀYKÀ`ambn cpp. Bib kw]pjvSambncpp. AhÀ ]dªp:

""\o alXzhpw _lpaXnbpapÅ, \mY\n \np P\fnte¡pÅ ZqX\mWv. lnXambXpw AlnXambXpw  hnhcn¡pXn\mbpw Ckvemw sImpw kXyØm ]\w sImpw \o \ntbmKn¡sSpw; AXmbXv \ns ]nXmal C{_mlow(A)s aXw sImv. km[mcW P\XtbmsSmw _nw_sf klmbn¡pXpw aäpw AÃm lp \ntcm[nncn¡pp''.

 

Cu BibapÅ IhnX sNmÃnb tijw AhÀ XpSÀp:""FÃm PohnIfpw acWs Spw. FÃm ]pXnbXpw ]gbXmhpw. FÃm henbXpw \in¡pw. Rm\pw acWsSm\m bncn¡pp. Fs kvacW Fpw \ne\n¡pw. ImcWw Rm DaambXns\ ChnsS Dt]np t]mhpp. kwipambXns\ {]khnnpapv''(A ahmln_v : 1/169).

""Cu kw`hw hnhcnp sImv AÃmam kÀJm\o(d) FgpXpp: Cu hmNIÄ B an\(d) XuloZwKoIcnncphcmbncpp FXn\p hyamb sXfnhmWv. ImcWw C{_mlow(A)ans aXs¡pdnv AhÀ ]dbppv. Xs ]p{X AÃmlphns {]hmNI\mbn \ntbmKnX\mhpsap ]dbp alXn _nw_s shSnbm\pw klm bn¡mXncn¡m\pw D]tZin¡pp. AhÀ Pohn ImeLs kw_ÔnnStmfw CXpXs XuloZn\p aXnbmb sXfnhmWv''(idlp ahmln_v:1/164).

Npcp¡n A_vZpÃþBan\ ZXnIÄ \_n(kZ)XfpsS amXm]nXm¡fmhm {]]\mY\m XNcsªSp¡shcpw kaIme PoÀXIfn ASnsXämh cpambncpp.

 

BkÀ Bcmbncpp?

\_n(kz)XfpsS ]nXr]ccbn AhnizmknIfmb Bcpw Dmbncpnà FXn \p \mw [mcmfw sXfnhpIÄ IpIgnªp Fm C{_mlow(A)ans "A_v' F p ]cnNbsSps BkÀ _nw_mcm[I\mbncpphtÃm Fsmcp kwibapv. C{_mlow \_n(A) \_n(kz)XfpsS ]nXr]ccbn {][m\ InbmsW ncns¡ Atlns ]nXmhns\bpw hnizmksbpw Ipdnv AdntbXmbn hcpp.

kqdp ABw 74mw kqns hymJym\n Camw Xz_vcn(d) JXmZ(d)hn s\ Dcn¡pp: ""BkÀ C{_mlow(A)s bYmÀY ]nXmhÃ'' (X^vkoÀ Xz_vcn: 5/239).

""CXpkw_Ôambn A_q_IvÀ aplZv_v\pÂlk\n Ppssh\nÈm^nCu A AivAco(d) Xs X^vkodn ]dbpp: ""C{_mlow(A)s ]nXmhns t]À XmdJv Fmbncpp F Imcyn P\Ä¡nSbn A`n{]mbmcanÃ. JpÀB\nse {]tbmKw (A_v) Atlns t]cv BkÀ FmsWdnbn¡ppv. ]t, apPmlnZv(d) ]dbpp: ""\nÝbw, BkÀ FXv C{_mlow(A)s ]nXmhns t]c Ã; AsXmcp _nw_ns t]cmWv. \qlv \_n(A)s aI kmans aI AÀ ^JvZins aI imeJns aI B_ndns aI ^menKns aI kmdqCs aI \mJqdns aI\mb XmdJns ]p{X\mWv C{_mlow \_n(A)'' (X^vkoÀ JpÀXzp_n :7/16).

C_v\pIkoÀ(d) Xs X^vkodnepw(2/203Â) CXp  hyam¡nbnpv. Camw dmkn (d) X^vkodpÂI_oÀ 13mw hmfynepw 24mw hmfynepw CXp kw_Ôambn NÀ \Snbnpv. Cu NÀIfpcn tijw Nn\obamb Hcp Imcynte¡v aplZv \qÀkpsshZv Xs ""XAvIoZp AZnÃ''bn {iWn¡ppv.  Bkdns\Ipdnv  JpÀB ]cmaÀin ØefnseÃmw "A_v' FmWp {]tbmKnncn¡pXv. Fm  C{_mlow \_n(A)s {]mÀY\bnseÃmw  hmenZv(hmenssZ\n) FmWv D]tbmKnv ImWpXv.

kqdXvAivipAdmAv 70,86 kqÄ, kpdpu_ 114,  kqdp AnbmAv 52, kqdpÊm^v^mv 85 kpdXpÊpJvdp^v 26  kqdp apwXln\ 4  kqfn seÃmw A_v F {]tbmKw Bkdns\IpdnmWv. CXp sImptin¡sXv hfÀ p ]nXmhmb ]nXrhy\mWv.

C_v\pIkoÀ(d) Xs X^vkodn FgpXpp: ""CkvamCu kXnIfnse apivcn ¡pIÄs¡Xnscbpw _\qC{kmCuense \ntj[nIÄs¡Xnscbpw sXfnhmbn AÃm lp Cs\ Dcn¡ppv. bAvJp_v \_n(A) acWmk\mb kÀ`n AÃmlp GI\msWpw Ah\n Hns\bpw  ]v tNÀ¡msX  C_mZv sN¿W sapw a¡sf D]tZinp sImv  Cs\ ]dbpIbpmbn: ""\nsfs tijw BÀ¡mWv C_mZv sN¿pI? AhÀ ]dªp: RÄ \nfpsS Cemlpw \n fpsS ]nXm¡fmb C{_mlow,  CkvamCuÂ, CkvlmJv FnhcpsS Cemlpamb G I\mb Cemlns\ Bcm[n¡pw. Rfh\p ]qÀambn hgnsSpXpamWv''(B ibw, A _Jd:113). ChnsS ]nXm¡Ä F {]tbmKw "XKveo_v' hIpn s] XmWv. AYhm ]nXrhy F AÀYn ]Zapmbncns¡ Cu AÀYw IqSn e`n ¡p "B_mAv' F ]Zn\p apKW\ \ÂInbncn¡pIbmWv. ImcWw Ckvam CuÂ(A) bAvJp_v \_n(A)s ]nXrhy\mWv. \lvlmkv(d) ]dbpp: ""Ad_n IÄ ]nXrhys\ A_v Fv kwt_m[\ sN¿mdpv. CXv JpÀXzp_n(d) tcJsSp nbXmWv''(X^vkoÀ C_v\pIkoÀ:1/245).

]nXrhy F AÀYn "A_v' {]tbmKn¡mdpv FXns ASnØm\n IÀimkv{X ]WvVnXÀ A\cmhImi kw_Ôambn [mcmfw NÀ sNbvXnpv Fv C_v\pIkoÀ(d) XpSÀsgpXnbnpv. Cu AÀYn B ]Zw \_n(kz) X Ä Xsbpw {]tbmKn kw`hapv.

a¡mhnPbns BZy Ln alm\mb Aºmkv(d) JpssdinItfmSv NÀ ¡mbn ]pdsp.  Atlw Xncnp hcm sshInbtmÄ \_n(kz) "dpq Ce¿ A_o, dpq Ce¿ A_o'(F\n¡v Fs ]nXmhns\ aS¡ncq..) Fp ]dªp sIm ncpp. kzlm_nIÄ ]noSv Aºmkv(d)s\ \_n(kz)bpsS kn[nbn sImp sNp. AtmÄ "Ao'Fp hnfnpsImp \_n(kz) Aºmkv(d)hns\ BenwK\w sNbvXp( Ikp DmÂ: 39655).

amXm]nXm¡Ä¡v KpWw sN¿m JpÀB\n [mcmfw \nÀtifpv. "hmenssZ\n' FmWXnseÃmw {]tbmKnncn¡pXv. C{_mlow \_n(A) kzw ]nXmhns\bpw amXmhns\bpw Dtin {]mÀY\bn hmenZv F ]ZamWv D]tbmKnXv. kqdv C{_mlow 41mw kqn CXp ImWmhpXmWv. hmenZv Fm bYmÀY ]nXmhv FmWÀYw.  ]nXmhns\bpw  {]]nXmhns\bpw ]nXrhys\bpw hfÀp ]nXmhns\ bpw FÃmw kqNnn¡m "A_v' F ]Zw D]tbmKn¡mhpXmWv. kqdpn kmCse 11mw kqn A_v FXns ]cn[nbn ]nXmal\pw DÄsSpp.

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